Tuesday, November 6, 2012

Test On Alexander the Great and Hellenism on Friday, November 9 Review Sheet Here

Review for Test on Alexander the Great and Hellenism—Morris
Test Friday, November 9, 2012
1.       Map.  Identify Greece, Macedonia, Asia Minor, Alexandria, Babylon, India.
2.       Where is Macedonia?  Why did the Mac. Consider themselves Greeks when the Greeks did not consider the Macedonians Greeks?.
3.       What improvements did Philip of Macedonia make to the traditional Greek phalanx?
4.       Why were the Macedonians such good soldiers?
5.       What was Philip’s ultimate goal?
6.       Who was Alexander’s mother?  
7.       How did his mother and father influence Alexander’s development?
8.       How did Philip prepare his son Alexander for leadership of his empire?
9.       Why was Aristotle such an important person in the spread of Greek culture?
10.   What did Aristotle teach Alexander about Greek culture?  Who became Alexander’s role model and what was his favorite book?
11.   Why is the story of Bucephalus so important in the story of Alexander?
12.   What happened to Philip?  How old was Alexander when he became king?
13.   What are some of the qualities that made Alexander a great leader?
14.   At the time of Philip’s rise to power in Macedonia, what was the situation like in Greece?  Why?
15.   How did Alexander warn the Greeks not to resist his rule?
16.   How did Alexander defeat Darius in Asia Minor?
17.   What did Alexander do after conquering Egypt?
18.   Why is Alexandria, Egypt such an important city in the ancient world?
19.   What is Hellenism?  What cultures does it combine?
20.   Name three advances in science and astronomy in the Hellenistic Age.
21.   Name two advances in math in the Hellenistic Age.
22.   Why was the Library at Alexandria so important?  What modern library in the United States is similar?
23.   Why was the museum in Alexandria so important?
24.   Give several facts about the Lighthouse at Alexandria.
25.   Name four of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and describe them.  How many still exist today?
26.   What happened to Alexander’s empire after his death?
27.   Name three of the seven modern Wonders of the World.
28.   Essay about Alexander.

Answers to Review Questions
Review for Test on Alexander the Great and Hellenism—Morris
Review for Test on Alexander the Great and Hellenism—Morris
Test Thursday, December 15
1.       Map.  Identify Greece, Macedonia, Asia Minor, Alexandria, Babylon, India.
a.       Map
2.       Where is Macedonia?  Why did the Mac. Consider themselves Greeks when the Greeks did not consider the Macedonians Greeks?
a.      North of Greece.  The Macedonians were Greeks but the Greeks looked down on them as being less civilized ‘rednecks’ or hillbillies.
3.       What improvements did Philip of Macedonia make to the traditional Greek phalanx?
a.      Philip made the spears longer, the shields smaller, and added the cavalry (horse warriors)

4.       Why were the Macedonians such good soldiers?
a.      They were tough from their harsh lives in the mountains and made excellent fighters.
5.       What was Philip’s ultimate goal?
a.      To get revenge on Persia for its defeat of Greece in the Peloponessian Wars.
6.       Who was Alexander’s mother?   Olympia
7.       How did his mother and father influence Alexander’s development?
a.      Olympia---taught Alexander he was the son of Zeus.
b.      Philip—taught Alexander how to fight and ride, and also hired Aristotle as Alexander’s tutor.
8.       How did Philip prepare his son Alexander for leadership of his empire?
a.       He made him a general at the age of 18 and had him tutored by Aristotle.
9.       Why was Aristotle such an important person in the spread of Greek culture?
a.       Because he taught Alexander that Greek culture was superior and that it should be spread to all parts of the world.
10.   What did Aristotle teach Alexander about Greek culture?  Who became Alexander’s role model and what was his favorite book?
a.      Aristotle taught Alexander to love Greek culture.  Alexander’s role model became Achilles and his favorite book became the Iliad.
11.   Why is the story of Bucephalus so important in the story of Alexander?
a.      It showed the Alexander was brave, could think outside the box, was determined, and persistent, among other things.
12.   What happened to Philip?  How old was Alexander when he became king?
a.      Philip was assassinated by one of his bodyguards.  Alexander became king at the age of 20.
13.   What are some of the qualities that made Alexander a great leader?
a.      Smart, educated, brave, innovative, persistent, creative, daring
14.   At the time of Philip’s rise to power in Macedonia, what was the situation like in Greece?  Why?
a.       Greece was weak from fighting the Peloponessian Wars.
15.   How did Alexander warn the Greeks not to resist his rule?
a.      When one city rebelled, he went in and killed thousands and sold the rest into slavery as a warning not to cross him.
16.   How did Alexander defeat Darius in Asia Minor?
a.      By using better tactics, and his phalanx and cavalry.
17.   What did Alexander do after conquering Egypt?
a.       He became Pharoah, a king and also a god.
18.   Why is Alexandria, Egypt such an important city in the ancient world?
a.       Alexandria was the center of trade and learning in the Western World for hundreds of years.
19.   What is Hellenism?  What cultures does it combine?
a.       It is a culture combining Greek, Egyptian, Indian and Persian cultures.
20.   Name three advances in science and astronomy in the Hellenistic Age.
a.       Sun bigger than earth, earth revolves around sun, circumference of the earth to within 200 miles.
21.   Name two advances in math in the Hellenistic Age.
a.      Euclid—Geometry and Archimedes—Pi—3.14
22.   Why was the Library at Alexandria so important?  What modern library in the United States is similar?
a.      Because it had 500,000 books and was the center of learning and research in the western world.  The US has a similar library, the Library of Congress.
23.   Why was the museum in Alexandria so important?
a.      It was the very first museum, dedicated to the muses, or Greek spirits of arts and sciences.
24.   Give several facts about the Lighthouse at Alexandria.
a.      400’ tall, had a flame and mirrors, was one of 7 wonders of the ancient world, and no longer exists.
25.   Name four of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and describe them.  How many still exist today?
a.      Lighthouse at Alexandria, Masoleum at Halacannarsas, Temple of Artemis, Collossus at Rhodes, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Pyramids at Giza, statue of Zeus.
26.   What happened to Alexander’s empire after his death?
a.      It was divided among his generals and became weaker.
27.   Name three of the seven modern Wonders of the World.
28.   Essay about Alexander.

 

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